Hookworms In Puppies Can Be Prevented
Hookworms in puppies are one of the most common diseases you will see around. Most humans get hookworms from dirty shoes that have not been properly cleaned. Puppies can also get them from dirty litter boxes, dirty food, or even dirty water. These parasites live off of your dogs blood and can cause complications in your dogs life if not treated. Many people choose to treat their dogs with an anti-parasitic medicine such as cephalexin to help cure their puppies of hookworms.
Hookworms are more common in dogs that are over 2 years of age. A puppy that is infected with these parasites will have a red oval shaped rash around their stomachs and anus. There will be segments of their intestine that are outside of their normal gastrointestinal tract and they will have blood in their stool. This blood is a type of fluid that will have bad smelling ammonia in it when it comes out of the dog’s intestines.
If you notice that there is a lot of ammonia in your puppies stool this could be a sign of hookworm anemia. Treatment for this is fairly simple. It is important that you take your puppy to the vet for a proper diagnosis of what type of anemia he has. If the vet suspects that he has hookworm anemia he will prescribe him an anti-parasitic medicine to treat his infection. You will also want to make sure that you give your puppy extra nutrition and do not let him go hungry. As always, check thoroughly for ticks and fleas before letting your puppy travel.
Another symptom of hookworm anemia is a loss of appetite. Many of the puppies that are infected with this parasite will develop extremely small appetites. They will eat less food than normal and may experience vomiting, nausea and diarrhea. Also, if the contaminated water that your puppy may drink has a high concentration of minerals, this could cause severe electrolyte imbalances in your pet which can result in a number of problems including bone and joint pain, vomiting and diarrhea.
Hookworms in puppies will often begin developing around eight weeks after they were infected. The parasites will then reside in the intestines of your puppy for around two to five weeks before they begin to produce eggs. At this time, your pet will need to be treated immediately so that he can receive the appropriate medical treatment for his infection. This treatment is usually in the form of tablets or capsules which will kill the parasites as well as any live worms in the dog’s system.
You should never wait until the worms have produced eggs before treating your puppy. This is because the worms will not have developed to the point where they can be properly treated. Your veterinarian will be able to determine the proper deworming medication for your adult dogs when the time comes. Remember, the earlier that you treat your puppy’s intestinal blockage, the better for both him and you.