Understanding Your Dog’s DNA Test
Dog DNA testing can tell you a lot about the history of your dog. DNA tests on dogs were first conducted in Europe in the 1990s, and ever since then they’ve gained popularity. Even though they started out as a way for veterinarians to detect genetic diseases in pets, the technology has expanded far beyond that. Today, dog DNA testing is used not only to trace your dog’s genealogy but to detect possible genetic diseases as well.
Although there are several ways to carry out a dog DNA test, the most popular is a saliva sample collection method. The aim with dog saliva testing is to detect genetic disease, although even then it rarely pinpoints exactly what breed your dog belongs to. Most DNA tests on dogs are done using a saliva sample taken from the mouth. This type of DNA test works by comparing the genetic makeup of your dog’s saliva to samples taken from other dogs. If there is an identical match between the two samples, the DNA sample you provided to the lab is confirmed as the same one.
Many pet stores now offer DNA dog testing kits. These kits can be used by both dog owners and animal shelters and veterinarians, although it is best to use them at the discretion of the specific facility or shelter where you got your dog from. Most labs require that you mail in the DNA samples. It is important to make sure that the results will come through a mail service or courier. It would also be wise to have an extra set of samples, so if the results are not good, you can simply mail another set.
For many years, veterinarians have used dog wisdom panels to diagnose certain behavioral problems or illnesses in dogs. Like an IQ test, a wisdom panel is designed to determine whether the patient has a disorder or whether they are exhibiting normal dog behaviors. Unfortunately, this test has not always been accurate. Some experts believe that the problem may lie in genetics, so much so that a dog can test should be done before any medication or treatment is tried.
DNA testing kits have recently been developed for analyzing moles and wrinkles in humans. Many people wonder whether there are DNA testing kits available for dogs. There are, but they are not yet approved for use by veterinarians or animal shelters. As with humans, the DNA samples required for these tests must be sent to a lab.
When it comes to DNA tests on dogs, the most common type is the DNA panel, also known as a mated pair test or a paired-on test. The DNA samples are usually taken from one of the dogs’ grandparents. Mating pairs are used to create a ‘zygote’ of DNA. This DNA is then compared with samples in a lab to determine if the ‘zygote’ is human or dog related. There are many other DNA tests available, such as blood tests, hair tests and genetic tests. Knowing the ancestry of your dog can help you understand their behavior and health.